Artifacts were found in Mexico, in Nochistlan de Mejia (Nochistlan de Mejia) state Zacatecas, and in Teokaltiche (Teocaltiche) state Jalisco, on the territory of the archaeological culture of Kaksan (Caxcan). A little background on the culture of Kaksan.
War with the Spaniards
The Kaksan were partly nomadic natives of Mexico. They were allied with Zacatecas against the Spaniards during the uprising in 1540-1542, which izvsetno in history as the War “Mikston” (Mixton War). During the uprising, they were described as “the heart and center of the Indian uprising.” After the uprising, they were a constant target of Sakatekos and guachichiles because of their ceasefire agreement with the Spaniards.
The victory in the war “Mikston” allowed the Spaniards to control the region in which was Guadalajara, Jalisco, the second largest city in Mexico. He also opened Spanish access to deserts in the north, where Spanish explorers will search and find rich deposits of silver. After the defeat in the war Kaksany were assimilated Spaniards and lost their identity as a separate nation.
Subsequently, they served as auxiliary agents of the Spanish soldiers in their further advancement to the north. And most of the other Kaksan were sent to the Spanish slavery at the mines. The Spanish expansion after the war in Mikstone will lead to a longer and even more bloody war Chichimeka (1550-1590). During the colonial period, many Spanish and some Basque settlers were Kaksanami and many of the Metis descendants were born.
The linguistic language of Kaksan belonged to the family of Yuto-Aztec (Uto-Aztecan) languages, and genetically they belong to the ethnic group of the Aztec (Aztec), Huichol (Huicholes), Zacatecas (Zacatecos), the Nahuas (Matlatzinca), (Matlatzincas). All these ethnic groups, according to scientists-anthropologists, came out of the general geographical area, which included what is now called Oazisamerika (Oasisamerica).
Oazisamerika is a general term used by anthropologists to designate the territory that defines pre-Columbian south-western North America, stretching from the north, the modern state of Utah, to the Mexican state of Chihuahua in the south, from the West, Gulf of California, to the east-the valleys of the river Rio Bravo. Oazisamerika covered part of the modern Mexican states of Chihuahua, Sonora, Lower California and to a lesser extent Arizona, Utah, New Mexico, Colorado, Nevada and California. The lands of Oazisameriki are mainly dry landscapes and Rocky Mountains, first of all the mountain system of Western Sierra Madre. To the east and west of these huge mountain ranges stretch desert plains.
It is assumed that from 3500 to 2800 BC due to desertification Oazisamerika, the peoples of Yuto-Aztec, which were treated and kaksan, began to disperse and emigrate to other regions of the continent. Over time, various ethnic groups and indigenous peoples have emerged in the territory of modern Mexico. Kaksany belonged to the Actekoidov group. Over the centuries, ethnic groups have been transformed or even mergeded, but Kaksany continued to move slowly south until they settled south of Zacatecas and formed their culture. The Kaksan culture is localized from the south of Zacatecas to the surrounding areas of Jalisco. The main religious and human settlements of Kaksan were in Theoule (Teul), Tlaltenango (Tlaltenango), Huchipila (Juchipila), Nochistlan (Noschitlan), Teokaltiche (Teocaltiche), Aguascalientes (Aguascalientes) and Jalisco (Jalisco).
According to the chronicles of his father Antonio Tello (1567-1653), Kaksan was one of the seven Aztec tribes who left a mythical Aztlan (Aztlan) together with the rest of the tribes. In the Aztec mythology Aztlan is the ancestral Aztec. In the language of Nahuatl the word “Azteca” means “people from Aztlan”. According to mythology Aztlan is a kind of island in the middle of the lake, where there are seven caves or seven pyramids. Of these seven caves came the ancestors of the Aztec. The Mexican manuscript 385 of the Code of Telleriano-remensis states that «… It was some people, who came out of the seven caves, where, they are affected, all those of this kind were sharpened, when from the west Side or the edge they arrived in this country and conquered it… ”
But the most interesting are the ancient artifacts found on the territory of Kaksan culture. These are ceramic figurines of humanoid beings and presumably flying vehicles of saucer form of different types and sizes. Currently, the artifacts are in the private collection of Dr. Gonzalo Franco Martinez (Gonzalo Franco Martinez) of the Autonomous University of Mexico (Autonomous University of Mexico), who has lived for about 30 years in the City of Jalisco (Jalisco). According to Martinez, all these items were found in one of the archaeological areas of the city of Teokaltiche, called “The Hill of the Ancients” (Cerro de los antiguos).
Teokaltiche is located in the north-eastern mountain region of the state of Jalisco. The city was founded in the year 1530 and is one of the oldest spanish settlements since the Spanish conquest. The first Indian settlements of Teokaltiche are considered to belong to the 12th, which were located at the foot of the ancient Hill (Cerro de los antiguos). From the language of Nahuatl (Nahuatl) Teokaltiche translates as “Place near the temple”.
In his interview Gonzalo Franco Martinez says that «… Teokaltiche has another definition because the person who conducted the study wrote a book about this place and linked it to Nahuatl (Nahuatl) Aztecs Mexico. From this he concluded that Teokaltiche translated as “near the temple”, but in all religions it means God, and we come to the conclusion that Teokaltiche means “Temple of God”. Here in Teokaltiche, we have several archaeological sites, such as the ancient Hill, where traces of the pyramid and very important archaeological objects were found. In addition, they found some figures of other creatures that are not typical of natives. I don’t know if these people were based on what they saw and reproduced it in clay figurines. There are figures of humanoid beings with antenna, which are very rare. ”
Of course, alternative artifacts are conditionally related to the culture of Kaksan, because they were found on the territory of this culture. But ethnographically these artifacts are not related to the late culture of the Kaksan times of the Spanish conquest. Since there is no information in official sources about these artifacts (and never will), the versions of their origin can only be guessed. These artifacts are probably of early origin and have been brought to Mexico during the migration of tribes. Either they were fabricated later and really have to do with the Kaksan, but reflect the memory of the ancestors of the ancient mythical times of contact between gods and people. Perhaps these artifacts are a tradition of transferring the historical memory of genetic ancestors.
It is clear from Martinez’s testimony that two groups of artifacts were found during the excavations. The first group includes the Aztec artifacts that do not contradict the official version of the story and can be exhibited in museums. Ordinary ceramics, tableware, ethnic figurines, masks. The second group includes unpleasing artifacts, contradicting the official history, which should be simply forgotten, officially nowhere to fix, not to mention, not to carry out laboratory tests. These are ceramic figurines of humanoid creatures and aircraft. Such artifacts simply fall into private collections, from which they become known to the general public. But they do not cause special trust, becoming either a hoax or a riddle of history.
Since the collection of Dr. Martinez presents ceramic artifacts, it would be nice to spend their dating thermoluminescent method. To conduct the analysis of clay and impurities on the subject of technology of manufacturing and identification of belonging to archaeological culture. The National Institute of Anthropology and History in Mexico (INAH) should deal with this. But for understandable and obvious reasons nobody will do it, otherwise it will be evidence of recognition of alternative artifacts and their study.